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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-6

Clinical study of co-relation between positive axillary lymph node status and size of the tumor in breast malignancies

Department of Surgery, Great Eastern Medical School and Hospital, Ragolu, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S V Satyanarayana Rao
Department of Surgery, Great Eastern Medical School and Hospital, Ragolu, Srikakulam - 532 484, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_15_17

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Background: Breast lump in women is a common clinical condition encountered in day-to-day surgical practice and needs thorough evaluation. This study is focused on co-relation between axillary lymph nodal status and the size of the breast tumor through clinical, radioimaging, and pathological studies. The axillary lymph node study also helps to differentiate benign from malignant breast lumps. Patients and Methods: This study was carried out in the Department of Surgery, Great Eastern Medical School (GEMS) Hospital, Ragolu, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, India. A total of 45 patients were selected for the study from among admitted cases to the Department of Surgery through clinical assessment, laboratory investigations, and ultrasound findings. After confirming the diagnosis of breast malignancy by fine needle aspiration cytology and Trucut biopsy in few cases, the patient had undergone operative intervention. Later, the specimens were sent for histopathological study. Results: Breast malignancy was found more commonly among female patients of 45–64 years of age with an incidence of 66% in present studies. Lump in the breast was the common presenting feature in all patients. Ultrasound findings and Trucut biopsy have shown high sensitivity and specificity up to 97–99%. Conclusion: The present study concludes that for the tumor size <10 mm, axillary lymph node dissection may not be needed. Larger the size of the tumor, the more probability of lymph nodal metastasis.

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