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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91-95

Intra-abdominal cystic lymphangiomas in children: A case series

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Parag J Karkera
B/18, Rachna Apartments, V. P. Road, Andheri (West), Mumbai
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Lymphangiomas are hamartomas of lymphatic vessels commonly arising in the head, neck, and axilla. Intra-abdominal cystic lymphangiomas are rare and are located in the retroperitoneum, the mesentery, omentum, or visceral organs. Radiological imaging in the form of ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scan helps in preoperative diagnosis. The objective of this study is to present the management of children with intra-abdominal cystic lymphangioma in our institution. Materials and Methods: Six cases of intra-abdominal cystic lymphangiomas comprising three males and three females, which presented over 15 months, were studied. Clinical presentation, location, mode of surgical intervention, and outcome were studied. Results: The site of origin was retroperitoneum, omentum, and the mesentery, with two cases of each. Age of presentation ranged from 5 days to 7 years. Abdominal lump was the most common presenting feature. All the patients underwent complete surgical resection - four had open excision, one had a laparoscopy converted to open excision, and one had a complete laparoscopic excision. Postoperative recovery was uneventful in all of them, with no recurrence at 6 months follow-up. Conclusion: Intra-abdominal cystic lymphangiomas in children are usually symptomatic. CT scan is more accurate than ultrasound to diagnose the lesion. Complete excision of the lesion with or without intestinal resection provides symptomatic relief and prevents recurrence.

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